# What is a Total Case Incident Rate?

Organizations can track the frequency of workplace injuries and illnesses over time through Total Case Incident Rates. While these rates are useful to OSHA for tracking high-risk industries, they also allow company supervisors a way to track incidents and discover patterns across different departments or facilities.

How do you calculate a company’s rate?
Employers can find their company’s TCIR by using the following formula:

• (Number of OSHA Recordable injuries and illnesses X 200,000) / Employee hours worked = Total Case Incident rate

To break this formula down, employers multiply the number of OSHA Recordable injuries and illnesses occurring throughout the year by 200,000. This 200,000 represents 100 employees working 40 hours a week for 50 weeks during a calendar year. Then, this number is divided by the total number of hours a company’s employees worked.

“Incident rates are used throughout many industries.”

For example, say a company had 10 employee incidents during a year. If the organization has around 1,000 employees working 40 hours a week, this number may not be consequential or indicative of a greater problem. If, however, a small company only employing 10 or 15 people reports the same number, OSHA may be concerned that the company is failing to follow proper healthy and safety procedures.

OSHA also considers the high-risk nature of certain industries as well. For example, if a logging company or intensive manufacturer has a relatively high incident rate, this may be attributed to the dangerous working environment. Though, if a high rate comes from a low-risk retailer or manufacturer, the organization may need to take serious steps to address this problem.

How are incident rates used?
As incident rates are used throughout many industries, the type of industry and nature of the work is taken into account when analyzing past data. OSHA officials also state that statistics indicate past performance and aren’t necessarily indicative of future incidents or procedures. For similar industries, OSHA may compare certain safety data of certain companies to others within the same business sector.

“Although OSHA could potentially use this data for enforcement action, unless incident rates are consistently high for a small company over a number of years, they will not normally target particular industries or companies for enforcement action,” New Mexico Mutual, a provider of medical benefits for injured workers, explained in a report.

IndustrySafe’s Incidents Module helps companies gather essential incident-related data and then analyze it for trends or problems. Any range of incident, injury or illness can be tracked through this software, allowing your users to generate reliable OSHA 300, 300A and 301 logs to keep in compliance with OSHA recordkeeping regulations. To learn more about how we can help keep your workers safe, contact us today, or visit our website for more information!